In EYFS and KS1 phonics lessons are taught daily to ensure swift progression through the 'Letters and Sounds' scheme of work. Children in Nursery and Reception continuously work on their phase 1 skills of listening before being introduced to phonemes and early graphemes in phase 2. As the children continue to progress they will learn to segment and blend CVC words for reading before applying their phonological knowledge to spelling new words. Throughout phase 3 and 4 children will be taught how to read and spell high frequency and tricky words which will then be used in simple sentence work. As the children enter phase 5 and 6 in KS1, they will encounter phonemes with more than one grapheme in their reading and will need to select the appropriate grapheme based on their knowledge of spelling rules and patterns.